iText Knowledge Base

Rotating PDF documents has become an essential task in various industries and fields, ranging from business to academia.  Whether you need to correct the orientation of scanned documents, adjust the layout of a presentation, or ensure proper reading experience on different devices, knowing how to rotate a PDF is a valuable skill. As a .NET application developer, you would like to offer the PDF rotation feature in your PDF document processing application.

In this blog, we’ll walk you through the steps involved in developing a C# console application for rotating PDF files using iTextPdf for .NET API. So, let’s dive in and explore how to rotate PDFs in C# using the power of iTextPdf!

Understanding PDF Rotation Concepts

Before delving into the implementation of rotating PDF pages using iTextPdf in C#, it’s important to grasp the key concepts related to PDF rotation. This section will provide you with a solid understanding of the different rotation angles and their effects on the PDF document.

PDF Page Rotation

PDF pages can be rotated to adjust their orientation. The rotation angle determines the direction in which the page content is rotated. The most common rotation angles are 90 degrees (counter-clockwise), 180 degrees (upside-down), and 270 degrees (clockwise).

Effects of Rotation

Rotating a PDF page affects both the visual representation and the logical structure of the document. When a page is rotated, the text, images, and other elements on the page are transformed accordingly. It’s essential to consider the impact of rotation on the layout and readability of the PDF.

Page vs. Viewport Rotation

In PDF, there are two types of rotation: page rotation and viewport rotation. Page rotation changes the orientation of the entire page, affecting its dimensions and content. Viewport rotation, on the other hand, only rotates the visible area of the page, keeping the page dimensions intact.

Rotation Attributes

PDF pages have a rotation attribute that specifies the intended rotation angle. The rotation attribute is defined in the page’s metadata and can be set to values such as 0, 90, 180, or 270 degrees. Understanding the rotation attribute is important when programmatically rotating PDF pages.

Considerations for Text and Images

When rotating PDF pages, it’s crucial to consider the impact on text and images. Text alignment, reading order, and image positioning may need adjustment after rotation to maintain the desired visual representation and readability.

Page Numbering and Orientation

Rotating PDF pages can affect page numbering and orientation. Make sure to update the page numbers and adjust the page orientation indicators accordingly to ensure consistency and clarity.

By understanding these PDF rotation concepts, you will be better prepared to handle the rotation process using iTextPdf in C#. The subsequent sections will explore the step-by-step process of rotating PDF pages programmatically, taking into account these important considerations.

Rotating PDF Pages with iTextPdf in C#

In this section, we will dive into the practical implementation of rotating PDF pages using iTextPdf in C#. We will explore the step-by-step process of programmatically rotating PDF pages and provide code examples to guide you through the process.

1. Loading the PDF Document

To begin, you need to load the PDF document using iTextPdf in your C# application. This can be achieved by providing the file path or a stream of the PDF document.

2. Accessing Individual Pages

Once the PDF document is loaded, you can access individual pages for rotation. iTextPdf provides methods to iterate through the pages, allowing you to target specific pages or page ranges for rotation.

3. Setting the Rotation Angle

Next, you need to specify the desired rotation angle for the selected pages. iTextPdf provides a `Rotation` property for PDF pages, which can be set to values like 90, 180, or 270 degrees to rotate the page content accordingly.

4. Applying Rotation

With the rotation angle defined, you can apply the rotation to the selected pages using iTextPdf’s `RotatePage()` method. This method takes the page number and the rotation angle as parameters.

5. Saving the Rotated PDF

Once the rotation is applied to the desired pages, you need to save the modified PDF document. iTextPdf provides methods to save the rotated PDF to a new file or overwrite the existing document, depending on your requirements.

Here’s an example code snippet showcasing the rotation process using iTextPdf in C#:

PdfDocument pdfDocument = new PdfDocument(new PdfReader(ORIG), new PdfWriter("Output_1.pdf"));
for (int p = 1; p <= pdfDocument.GetNumberOfPages(); p++)
    PdfPage page = pdfDocument.GetPage(p);
    int rotate = page.GetRotation();
    if (rotate == 0)
        page.SetRotation((rotate + 90) % 360);

In the above example, we load the PDF document, iterate through the pages, set the rotation angle to 90 degrees, and save the modified PDF to a new file.

By following these steps and utilizing the capabilities of iTextPdf, you can easily rotate PDF pages programmatically in your C# application. Experiment with different rotation angles and page selections to achieve the desired orientation and layout for your PDF document.


In this comprehensive guide, we have explored the process of rotating PDF pages using iTextPdf in C#. We started by understanding the key features of iTextPdf, a powerful library that enables PDF manipulation, and its relevance in the C# development ecosystem. Whether it’s correcting scanned documents, adjusting presentation layouts, or optimizing readability on different devices, the ability to rotate PDFs using iTextPdf in C# empowers you to achieve professional and polished results.

Remember to experiment and explore further with iTextPdf’s extensive capabilities. You can combine rotation with other PDF manipulation features offered by the library, such as merging, splitting, or modifying content, to create more sophisticated PDF workflows. For more examples of working with iTextPdf for .NET, keep following this blog.